W.Va. water tests encouraging after chemical spill - 13abc.com Toledo (OH) News, Weather and Sports

W.Va. water tests encouraging after chemical spill

Posted: Updated:

DRY BRANCH, W.Va. (AP) - For Bonnie Wireman, the white plastic bag covering her kitchen faucet is a reminder that she can't drink the water.

The 81-year-old woman placed it there after forgetting several times the tap water was tainted after a coal processing chemical leaked into the area's water supply. Every time she turned on the water, she'd quickly stop and clean her hands with peroxide - just to make sure she was safe.

The widow of a coal miner, Wireman is frustrated about the chemical spill that's deprived 300,000 West Virginians of clean tap water for four days: "I'm really angry."

But as quickly as she said it, she wanted to make one thing clear: She didn't blame the coal or chemical industries for the spill.

"I hope this doesn't hurt coal," said Wireman, who lives in an area known around the state as Chemical Valley because of all the plants nearby. "Too many West Virginians depend on coal and chemicals. We need those jobs."

And that's the dilemma for many West Virginians: The industries provide thousands of good paying jobs but also pose risks for the communities surrounding them, such as the chemical spill or coal mine disasters. The current emergency began Thursday after a foaming agent used in coal processing escaped from a Freedom Industries plant in Charleston and seeped into the Elk River. Since then, residents have been ordered not to use tap water for anything but flushing toilets.

Gov. Earl Tomblin said Sunday water tests were encouraging, but he didn't give a timetable for when people might be able to use water again.

"The numbers look good. They are very encouraging," Tomblin said.

Maj. Gen. James Hoyer, of the West Virginia National Guard, said testing near the water treatment facility has consistently been below 1 part per million, a key step officials needed before they can begin the next step of flushing the system.

West Virginia is a picturesque, mountainous state, with deep rivers and streams that cut through lush valleys. But along the twisting, rural roads there are signs of the state's industrial past and present: Chemical plant storage tanks rise from the valley floor. Coal mines - with heavy equipment and steel structures used to extract and then transport the fuel - are part of the rural landscape. White plumes of smoke drifting from factories offer a stark contrast to the state's natural beauty.

"You won't find many people in these parts who are against these industries. But we have to do a better job of regulating them," said Wireman's son, Danny Scott, 59, a retired General Electric worker who has been helping take care of his mother. "The state has a lot to offer. We don't want to destroy it."

West Virginia is the second-largest coal producing state behind Wyoming, with 538 mines and 26,619 people. The state has about 150 chemical companies that employ 12,000 workers.

Over the years, there have been accidents in both industries that have killed workers and harmed the environment. In January 2010, a worker died at a DuPont plant after inhaling a lethal dose of phosgene, which was used as a chemical weapon during World War I and today is used as a building block in synthesis of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds. An explosion at the Upper Big Branch coal mine killed 29 people in 2010.

Coal is critical to West Virginia's economy. Strong coal prices and demand proved vital to the state budget during and after the national recession, from 2009 through 2011.

In November 2009, the state's unemployment rate was 8.4 percent, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Four years later - November 2013 - the unemployment rate was down to 6.1 percent, below the national rate of 7 percent.

In Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin's recent State-of-the-State speech, he touted the chemical industry, saying it was among those that grew substantially over the last year.

The spill that tainted the water supply involved a chemical used in coal processing. But it didn't involve a coal mine - and that's a point state officials are trying to convey to the public.

When asked if the emergency is one of the risks of being a state that relies heavily on the coal industry, Tomblin quickly responded: "This was not a coal company incident, this was a chemical company incident."

"It's used in processing coal, as I understand it, but obviously it was not a coal company, it was a chemical company that left the breach and the tanks that's holding this particular chemical," he said.

The coal industry, too, was saying they should not bear the blame in this case.

"This is a chemical spill accident. It just so happens that the chemical has some applications to the coal industry, just that fact alone shouldn't cause people to point fingers at the coal industry," said Jason Bostic, vice president of the West Virginia Coal Association.

Bostic said the coal industry is very carefully regulated by the state Department of Environmental Protection and several federal agencies that ensure it is safe from the very first step in opening a mine to ongoing operations.

"The environmental risk that's associated with coal mining, we feel it's well regulated," Bostic said.

There's no doubt the coal and chemical industries are a hugely important part of the state's economy. Even as he lamented the loss of business caused by the spill, Matt Ballard, president of the Charleston Area Alliance, the state's largest regional chamber of commerce, talked about the importance of chemical companies in the Kanawha Valley, which includes the capital.

"The chemical industry, that's what started the valley," Ballard said. "We've got a long history of a really good safety record, but with any business ... there's always a risk."

Kent Sowards, the associate director for Marshall University's Center for Business and Economic Research, said that there's a delicate balance between offsetting economic needs and potential costs associated with the coal and chemical industries.

"There are risks inherent with everything. Whether the risk is something that someone wants to continue to bear, that ultimately becomes their decision," he said.

In West Virginia's case, he believes the state is doing a good job of maintaining that balance.

And since the emergency is ongoing, it's hard to assess at this point whether the response was successful, he said.

But in communities across the region, with names like Nitro and Dry Branch, people are beginning to wonder if it's worth it.

Steve Brown, 56, lives outside of Nitro in the shadow of chemical plants. Over the years, he's worked in some of those places, and knows firsthand about the risks and rewards.

"You made enough to support your family," said Brown, who is unemployed. "But you also see what it's done to the environment. People stay away from fishing in rivers and streams near chemical plants. You have fish advisories. You know better. You just know."

The chemical spill has brought out the best and worst in people, he said. He watched folks deliver water to elderly and disabled neighbors who couldn't get out of the house. But he also glimpsed people fight in grocery stores over bottles of water.

"When I saw that, I couldn't believe it," he said. "It was really sad."

Chris Laws, 42, a coal miner who grew up in the Kanawha Valley, has worked in the mines for 20 years. He said he's worried what will happen in a few days when people still aren't able to shower, wash clothes or clean dishes.

"This ain't even the bad times. The bad times aren't here yet," he said as he waited outside the Kroger grocery store for water to be delivered.

He said it bothers him that officials have downplayed the impact on people.

"They make believe it's no big deal. But it is a big deal. You have 300,000 people without water. If this goes on much longer, it's going to cause mass chaos," he said.

Patricia Mason, a retired teacher, said it bothers her that people think they have to accept the environmental risks associated with the industries.

"Yes, we need the jobs. But we can do a better job of making sure they (companies) don't hurt the environment. Look around you. We have beautiful mountains. We should be promoting our environment more. That will create jobs. People don't have to accept living like this," she said.

  • RegionalMore>>

  • Detroit water department placed in mayor's hands

    Detroit water department placed in mayor's hands

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 10:35 AM EDT2014-07-29 14:35:41 GMT
    Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan is now running the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department following criticism about service shutoffs to city residents. State-appointed emergency manager Kevyn Orr says in order Tuesday that handing control of the massive system over to Duggan is "in the best interests of the city." The water department has been criticized in recent weeks for stepped up service shutoffs to delinquent city customers.
    Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan is now running the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department following criticism about service shutoffs to city residents. State-appointed emergency manager Kevyn Orr says in order Tuesday that handing control of the massive system over to Duggan is "in the best interests of the city." The water department has been criticized in recent weeks for stepped up service shutoffs to delinquent city customers.
  • Online retailer hiring hundreds in Ohio

    Online retailer hiring hundreds in Ohio

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 6:44 AM EDT2014-07-29 10:44:33 GMT
    COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) - An online retailer is opening a call center in central Ohio and bringing about 900 new jobs. Seattle-based Zulily - offering daily deals for women, children and infants - will have a temporary office in suburban Columbus while it looks for a permanent facility. The hiring will be done over the next three years. The Columbus Dispatch reports that details about the call center were disclosed Monday when the Ohio Tax Credit Authority approved a 75 percent, 12-year income-t...
    COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) - An online retailer is opening a call center in central Ohio and bringing about 900 new jobs. Seattle-based Zulily - offering daily deals for women, children and infants - will have a temporary office in suburban Columbus while it looks for a permanent facility. The hiring will be done over the next three years. The Columbus Dispatch reports that details about the call center were disclosed Monday when the Ohio Tax Credit Authority approved a 75 percent, 12-year income-t...
  • Michiganders asked to "respect the rattlesnakes"

    Michiganders asked to "respect the rattlesnakes"

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 5:40 AM EDT2014-07-29 09:40:31 GMT
    ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) — Michigan residents have been asked to respect rattlesnakes in light of a recent incident at an Ann Arbor botanical garden.A report filed by the University of Michigan Police Department says a young girl was bitten by an Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake earlier this summer. The child was not wearing shoes, so police don't know if she stepped on the snake before it bit her leg. She was treated at a local hospital.Experts from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources te...
    ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) — Michigan residents have been asked to respect rattlesnakes in light of a recent incident at an Ann Arbor botanical garden.A report filed by the University of Michigan Police Department says a young girl was bitten by an Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake earlier this summer. The child was not wearing shoes, so police don't know if she stepped on the snake before it bit her leg. She was treated at a local hospital.Experts from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources te...
  • Top StoriesMore>>

  • Grants approved for innovation in Ohio schools

    Grants approved for innovation in Ohio schools

    Ohio officials have approved 37 grant applications involving nearly 200 schools and educational entities from an innovation fund established by Gov. John Kasich.
    Ohio officials have approved 37 grant applications involving nearly 200 schools and educational entities from an innovation fund established by Gov. John Kasich.
  • Firefighters battle vacant house fire

    Firefighters battle vacant house fire

    Tuesday, July 29 2014 4:41 AM EDT2014-07-29 08:41:22 GMT
    Firefighters battled an early-morning house fire near the intersection of Dryden and Vermass.The fire broke out at about 4:00 this morning.Fortunately, no one was hurt.Firefighters are still investigating what caused those flames.
    Firefighters battled an early-morning house fire near the intersection of Dryden and Vermass.The fire broke out at about 4:00 this morning.Fortunately, no one was hurt.Firefighters are still investigating what caused those flames.
  • Classmates honor murdered Maritime Academy student

    Classmates honor murdered Maritime Academy student

    Monday, July 28 2014 10:33 PM EDT2014-07-29 02:33:03 GMT
    Monique King says she and Tyler McIntoush became best of friends in the eighth grade. Now thinking about the loss going into her junior year, King says she's devastated. "He would go up the stairs and listen to his music. We would go up the stairs all the time together. He sat right next to me in class all the time. I don't know what I'm going to do without Tyler," King told 13abc with tears in her eyes. "I don't know how I'm going to get through this year without him."Classmates and commun...
    Monique King says she and Tyler McIntoush became best of friends in the eighth grade. Now thinking about the loss going into her junior year, King says she's devastated. "He would go up the stairs and listen to his music. We would go up the stairs all the time together. He sat right next to me in class all the time. I don't know what I'm going to do without Tyler," King told 13abc with tears in her eyes. "I don't know how I'm going to get through this year without him."Classmates and commun...

Area Events Calendar

See It, Shoot It, Send It!